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Protein Sci. 2011 Jan;20(1):95-106. doi: 10.1002/pro.540.

Prediction of ligand-binding sites of proteins by molecular docking calculation for a random ligand library.

Author information

1
Protein Structural Information Analysis Team, Biological Information Research Center (BIRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0064, Japan. y-fukunishi@aist.go.jp

Abstract

A new approach to predicting the ligand-binding sites of proteins was developed, using protein-ligand docking computation. In this method, many compounds in a random library are docked onto the whole protein surface. We assumed that the true ligand-binding site would exhibit stronger affinity to the compounds in the random library than the other sites, even if the random library did not include the ligand corresponding to the true binding site. We also assumed that the affinity of the true ligand-binding site would be correlated to the docking scores of the compounds in the random library, if the ligand-binding site was correctly predicted. We call this method the molecular-docking binding-site finding (MolSite) method. The MolSite method was applied to 89 known protein-ligand complex structures extracted from the Protein Data Bank, and it predicted the correct binding sites with about 80-99% accuracy, when only the single top-ranked site was adopted. In addition, the average docking score was weakly correlated to the experimental protein-ligand binding free energy, with a correlation coefficient of 0.44.

PMID:
21064162
PMCID:
PMC3047065
DOI:
10.1002/pro.540
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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