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Transplantation. 2010 Dec 27;90(12):1260-4. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e3182003d9b.

Deficiency or inhibition of CD73 protects in mild kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Author information

1
Immunology Research Centre, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adenosine agonists are protective in numerous models of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Pericellular adenosine is generated by the hydrolysis of extracellular adenosine triphosphate and adenosine diphosphate by the ectonucleotidase CD39 and the subsequent hydrolysis of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) by the ectonucleotidase CD73. CD39 activity is protective in kidney IRI, whereas the role of CD73 remains unclear.

METHODS:

Wild-type (WT), CD73-deficient (CD73KO), CD39-transgenic (CD39tg), and hybrid CD39tg.CD73KO mice underwent right nephrectomy and unilateral renal ischemia (18-min ischemia by microvascular pedicle clamp). Renal function (serum creatinine [SCr], micromolar per liter) and histologic renal injury (score 0-9) were assessed after 24-hr reperfusion. Treatments included a CD73 inhibitor and soluble CD73.

RESULTS:

Compared with WT mice (n=33, SCr 81.0, score 4.1), (1) CD73KO mice were protected (n=17, SCr 48.9, score 2.0, P<0.05), (2) CD39tg mice were protected (n=11, SCr 45.6, score 1.3, P<0.05), (3) WT mice treated with CD73 inhibitor were protected (n=9, SCr 43.3, score 1.2, P<0.05), (4) CD73KO mice reconstituted with soluble CD73 lost their protection (n=10, SCr 63.8, score 3.1, P=ns), (5) WT mice treated with soluble CD73 were not protected (n=7, SCr 78.0, score 4.1), and (6) CD39tg.CD73KO mice were protected (n=8, SCr 55.5, score 0.7, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Deficiency or inhibition of CD73 protects in kidney IRI, and CD39-mediated protection does not seem to be dependent on adenosine generation. These findings suggest that AMP may play a direct protective role in kidney IRI, which could be used in therapeutic development and organ preservation. Investigating the mechanisms by which AMP mediates protection may lead to new targets for research in kidney IRI.

PMID:
21063242
PMCID:
PMC5472984
DOI:
10.1097/TP.0b013e3182003d9b
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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