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Genes Dev. 2010 Dec 1;24(23):2654-65. doi: 10.1101/gad.1989110. Epub 2010 Nov 9.

A genome-wide RNAi screen identifies multiple RSK-dependent regulators of cell migration.

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1
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, 02129, USA.

Abstract

To define the functional pathways regulating epithelial cell migration, we performed a genome-wide RNAi screen using 55,000 pooled lentiviral shRNAs targeting ∼11,000 genes, selecting for transduced cells with increased motility. A stringent validation protocol generated a set of 31 genes representing diverse pathways whose knockdown dramatically enhances cellular migration. Some of these pathways share features of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and together they implicate key regulators of transcription, cellular signaling, and metabolism, as well as novel modulators of cellular trafficking, such as DLG5. In delineating downstream pathways mediating these migration phenotypes, we observed universal activation of ERKs and a profound dependence on their RSK effectors. Pharmacological inhibition of RSK dramatically suppresses epithelial cell migration induced by knockdown of all 31 genes, suggesting that convergence of diverse migratory pathways on this kinase may provide a therapeutic opportunity in disorders of cell migration, including cancer metastasis.

PMID:
21062900
PMCID:
PMC2994039
DOI:
10.1101/gad.1989110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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