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Appl Opt. 1995 Nov 1;34(31):7291-4. doi: 10.1364/AO.34.007291.

Optical fringe multiplication in moiré interferometry.


An optical method for multiplication of moiré fringes is proposed to increase the sensitivity of moireé interferometry. The process involves two recording steps. In the first step, a traditional moiré interferometry setup is used. The moiré pattern containing carrier fringes and load fringes is recorded onto a glass-based holographic plate. The carrier frequency is much lower than that of the original specimen grating. The plate is then developed. In the second step, the holographic plate, regarded as a distorted specimen grating, is further examined by a similar moiré interferometry system. The frequency of the second virtual grating is arranged to be 2n times that of the carrier fringes contained in the recorded plate. As a result, the load fringes are revealed with a multiplication factor of 2n. The interpretation of the optical multiplication method from wave-front interference theory is given and an experiment is conducted.

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