Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Age Ageing. 2011 Mar;40(2):163-8. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afq137. Epub 2010 Nov 7.

Unexpected effects of cognitive-behavioural therapy on self-reported exercise behaviour and functional outcomes in older adults.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104, USA. schneijk@slu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

nearly 61% of older adults do not maintain recommended exercise levels emphasising the need for interventions that promote exercise.

OBJECTIVES:

to compare self-reported exercise behaviour and functional outcomes over 1 year across three groups of older adults: a cognitive-behavioural therapy group, an attention-control education group and a control group.

DESIGN:

randomised intervention.

SETTING:

community exercise facilities.

PARTICIPANTS:

three hundred and thirty-two older adults (mean age = 71.8 ± 5.1 years).

METHODS:

all three groups received exercise training three times per week for 2 weeks and then one time per week for 8 weeks, during which time the therapy and education groups received their interventions. Blinded data collectors measured follow-up exercise behaviour and functional outcomes at 3-month intervals.

RESULTS:

after controlling for previous year exercise behaviour, results showed that relative to the control group, the therapy and education groups increased their strengthening exercises over time (0.05 and 0.06 h/week higher, respectively); only the therapy group's change was significant. Also, relative to the control group, the therapy and education groups significantly reduced their 6-min walking distances over time (-1.6 m, P = 0.030 and -1.5 m, P = 0.026, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

although the therapy group increased their strength training, they reduced their 6-min walking distance.

PMID:
21059615
PMCID:
PMC3038455
DOI:
10.1093/ageing/afq137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center