Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Addiction. 2011 Feb;106(2):313-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03195.x. Epub 2010 Nov 9.

Per capita alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease mortality in a panel of US states from 1950 to 2002.

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA. wkerr@arg.org

Abstract

AIMS:

To estimate the overall impact of alcohol on ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in the United States using aggregate-level models and to consider beverage-specific effects that may represent more effectively the changes in drinking patterns over time that are related to both harmful and protective impacts of alcohol consumption on IHD.

DESIGN:

Several model specifications are estimated, including state-specific autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models and generalized least squares (GLS) panel models on first-differenced data.

SETTING:

US states from 1950 to 2002.

PARTICIPANTS:

US general population.

MEASUREMENTS:

Per capita alcohol sales and cigarette sales, age-standardized IHD and cirrhosis mortality rates.

FINDINGS:

Apparent consumption of total alcohol was associated with a significant overall increase of IHD of about 1% mortality per litre of ethanol. Beverage-specific models found that spirits consumption was significantly positively related to IHD mortality overall, for both genders and in three regions defined by drinking culture (or 'wetness'), while beer was found to have a significant protective relationship overall and in the wet region. The results for wine also suggest a protective relationship, but only marginally significant effects were found. Cirrhosis mortality rates were consistently positively related to IHD mortality. Combined results from state-specific ARIMA models including both cigarette sales and cirrhosis rates were generally consistent with the GLS results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Population-level models confirm individual-level findings of both harmful and protective relationships between alcohol use patterns and ischemic heart disease mortality. However, an overall harmful impact of per capita alcohol consumption on IHD mortality was found.

PMID:
21059185
PMCID:
PMC3058887
DOI:
10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03195.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center