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Curr Microbiol. 2011 Mar;62(3):917-22. doi: 10.1007/s00284-010-9810-3. Epub 2010 Nov 6.

A zymography analysis of proteinase activity present in Leptospira.

Author information

1
Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR) and WHO Collaborating Centre For Diagnosis, Reference, Research and, Training, in Leptospirosis, Post Bag No. 13, Port Blair, 744 101, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. madananmg@icmr.org.in

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a major public health problem caused by spirochete Leptospira which is an extracellular pathogen. During infection and invasion, the bacteria cross the physical barriers and later it encounter with the host defence mechanism. These processes may involve proteolytic degradation of the host tissue biomatrix. In an effort to understand the production and nature of Leptospiral proteinases, investigations were carried out using zymograpic methods. The results showed that the leptospires degrades different kind of protein substances such as gelatin, casein, and albumin. Gelatin zymography reveals that different serovars contain multiple gelatinases in the molecular weight range from 240 to 32 kDa. Studies using inhibitors suggested that the Leptospiral proteinases include metalloproteinases, serine or cysteine proteinases. The temperature sensitivity suggests that some of these proteinases are stable even at high temperatures. The presence of multiple gelatinases in Leptospira serovars suggests a critical role for these enzymes in Leptospiral invasion and pathogenesis.

PMID:
21057952
DOI:
10.1007/s00284-010-9810-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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