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J Card Surg. 2010 Sep;25(5):608-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8191.2010.01087.x.

Long-term results following concomitant radiofrequency modified maze ablation for atrial fibrillation.

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Department of Cardiac Surgery, Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.



This study evaluated the long-term outcome of linear, endocardial, radiofrequency (RF) atrial ablation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) concomitantly to open-heart procedures for acquired cardiac organic disease.


A saline-irrigated "pen-like" RF ablation catheter (Cardioblate(®), Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) was used to perform endocardial lines of conduction block in 293 patients with AF who underwent open-heart procedures between September 2000 and February 2008.


Patients (age of 65 ± 11 years) underwent left atrial ablation for permanent (44%), paroxysmal (51%), or undetermined (4.4%) AF. Maintenance in sinus rhythm (SR) at discharge and at the end of follow-up (average 3.3 ± 1.2 years) was observed in 52% and 71% of patients, respectively. Preoperative type or duration of AF did not influence the results (p = NS). Multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model showed left atrial diameter and increasing age were independent predictors of recurrent AF. In this study, return to SR did not influence survival.


This study confirmed that concomitant intraoperative RF ablation is an effective technique to restore long-term SR after cardiac surgery in patients with preoperative AF but does not influence long-term survival. 

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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