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Fertil Steril. 2011 Mar 1;95(3):867-71. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.10.025. Epub 2010 Nov 3.

Proximal ectopic pregnancy: a descriptive general population-based study and results of different management options in 86 cases.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, France. dlarraind@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe different approaches for diagnosis and management of proximal ectopic pregnancies (PP) in general population.

DESIGN:

Observational population based-study.

SETTING:

Regional ectopic pregnancy registry.

PATIENT(S):

Eighty-six PP registered from 1992 to 2008.

INTERVENTION(S):

Surgical (radical or conservative), medical, or combined therapies.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Epidemiologic characteristics, clinical presentation, hCG level, treatments performed, failure rate, and recurrence.

RESULT(S):

Mean gestational age was 48.2 days. Estimated incidence of PP was 2.7%. Abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding were the commonest symptoms. Two patients were admitted in hypovolemic shock. Diagnostic modalities included transvaginal ultrasound, abdominal ultrasonography, and laparoscopy in 38 (44%), 7 (8%), and 39 (45%) cases, respectively. Mean hCG level was 10,759 IU/L. Thirty-four patients underwent primary cornual resection (39.5%) by laparoscopy (n = 32) or laparotomy (n = 2). Twenty-seven patients (31.4%) underwent primary conservative surgery by laparoscopy: cornuostomy (n = 18) or extended salpigostomy (n = 9). Primary medical treatment with methotrexate was attempted in 14 patients (16.3%). Expectant management was attempted in one case (1.2%). Eleven cases received combined therapies (11.6%). Failure rates for medical and surgical treatments were 35.7% and 28%, respectively. No failures were noted among patients who received combined therapies.

CONCLUSION(S):

Proximal ectopic pregnancy remains a life-threatening condition. Diagnosis is challenging and requires a high index of suspicion. Despite available conservative strategies, management of PP remains heterogeneous.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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