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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1990 Jan;193(1):35-8.

Influence of caloric restriction and exercise on tumorigenesis in rats.

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1
Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104.

Abstract

Underfeeding or caloric restriction have been shown to inhibit the growth of spontaneous, transplanted, or chemically induced tumors in rats and mice. At 40% caloric restriction, growth of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colonic tumors is inhibited significantly even when the restricted diet contains twice as much fat as the control diet. Some inhibitory effects become evident even at 10% caloric restriction. In studies involving high fat diets, we find that rats receiving 20% fat ad libitum exhibit significantly higher 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary tumor incidence, multiplicity, and weight than rats ingesting the same amount of fat daily, but in a diet containing 25% fewer calories. In a study of intermittent ad libitum and restrictive feedings, chemically induced tumorigenicity varies inversely with feed efficiency. Exercise has also been shown to inhibit tumor growth. Sedentary rats fed ad libitum have a 108% higher incidence of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colon tumors than rats fed ad libitum but subjected to vigorous treadmill exercise. Caloric flux (either reduced intake or increased outflow) appears to reduce tumorigenicity in rodents.

PMID:
2104673
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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