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J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2010 Oct-Dec;24(4):341-7. doi: 10.1097/JPN.0b013e3181f8a6b3.

A multicentred clinical improvement project among preterm population evaluation of current practices.

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Department of Pediatrics and Adolescence, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.


Sepsis, a potentially life-threatening infection, is a common complication related to the use of central venous catheters (CVCs) in the preterm infant population. Best practice guidelines include successful strategies to prevent infections. Central venous catheter use is a fairly recent intervention in Finnish neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). As part of a quality improvement project to evaluate catheter-related care practices, 4 NICUs collaborated in a multicenter, multiprofessional study aimed at decreasing the incidence of catheter-related sepsis among a population of preterm infants. This article describes the initial phase that evaluated current protocols and practices. The findings were that current protocols need revision to include more detailed and accurately focused instructions on infection prevention associated with CVC. Many challenges in performing certain procedures with catheters were found. Precis CVC protocols and practices in 4 Finnish NICUs were reviewed for infection control measures.

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