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Toxicol In Vitro. 2011 Feb;25(1):167-76. doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2010.10.014. Epub 2010 Oct 31.

Diarylheptanoid 7-(3,4 dihydroxyphenyl)-5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-(1E)-1-heptene from Curcuma comosa Roxb. protects retinal pigment epithelial cells against oxidative stress-induced cell death.

Author information

1
Toxicology Graduate Program, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

Chronic exposure to oxidative stress causes damage to retinal pigment epithelial cells which may lead to the development of age-related macular degeneration, the major cause of vision loss in humans. Anti-oxidants provide a natural defense against retinal cell damage. The present study was designed to evaluate the potential anti-oxidant activity and protective effect of two diarylheptanoids isolated from a medicinal herb Curcuma comosa; 7-(3,4 dihydroxyphenyl)-5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-(1E)-1-heptene (compound A), and 1,7-diphenyl-4(E),6(E)-heptadien-3-ol (compound B) against oxidative stress (H(2)O(2))-induced human retinal pigment epithelial (APRE-19) cell death. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay indicated that the anti-oxidant activity (IC(50)) of compound A was similar to that of vitamin C. Pre-treatment of ARPE-19 cells with 20 μM compound A for 4h afforded greater protection against the insult from 500 μM H(2)O(2), compared to a similar protection period for compound B. Compound A lowered H(2)O(2)-induced lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde formation and intracellular reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, compound A ameliorated the H(2)O(2)-induced decrease in anti-oxidant enzyme activities and subsequent apoptotic cell death in ARPE-19 cells in a dose and time-dependent manner. These results suggest that compound A protects ARPE-19 cells against oxidative stress, in part, by enhancing several anti-oxidant defense mechanisms. Therefore, compound A may have therapeutic potential for diseases associated with oxidative stress, particularly degenerative retinal diseases.

PMID:
21044678
DOI:
10.1016/j.tiv.2010.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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