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Technometrics. 2010 Aug 1;52(2):340-348.

Likelihood Analysis of Multivariate Probit Models Using a Parameter Expanded MCEM Algorithm.

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Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762 ( ).


Multivariate binary data arise in a variety of settings. In this paper, we propose a practical and efficient computational framework for maximum likelihood estimation of multivariate probit regression models. This approach uses the Monte Carlo EM (MCEM) algorithm, with parameter expansion to complete the M-step, to avoid the direct evaluation of the intractable multivariate normal orthant probabilities. The parameter expansion not only enables a closed-form solution in the M-step but also improves efficiency. Using the simulation studies, we compare the performance of our approach with the MCEM algorithms developed by Chib and Greenberg (1998) and Song and Lee (2005), as well as the iterative approach proposed by Li and Schafer (2008). Our approach is further illustrated using a real-world example.

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