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Orthod Craniofac Res. 2010 Nov;13(4):191-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-6343.2010.01490.x.

Delayed dental maturity in dentitions with agenesis of mandibular second premolars.

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Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Odontology, University of Copenhagen, 20 Nørre Allé, Copenhagen, Denmark.



To evaluate dental maturity in the mandibular canine/premolar and molar innervation fields in children with agenesis of the 2nd mandibular premolar and to associate these findings with normal control material.


Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Odontology, University of Copenhagen. Eighty-three panoramic radiographs (27 girls and 31 boys with agenesis of one mandibular 2nd premolar and 17 girls and eight boys with agenesis of both mandibular 2nd premolars) represented all mandibular second premolar agenesis cases from a material of 2847 radiographs.


On each radiograph, dental maturity of all available mandibular premolars, canines and 2nd molars was evaluated and categorized in maturity stages according to Haavikko whose material served as control material. Descriptive statistics given by sample mean, standard deviation and range for each tooth stratified by gender and agenesis. Ninety-five percentage confidence limits and T-statistics were used. p-values <5% were considered significant.


In unilateral agenesis, the canines are specifically delayed in both girls and boys, with a larger delay in girls (p=0.009). The second molar is not delayed in boys (p=0.98) but is in girls (p=0.04). The differences in delay for the canine compared to the second molar are significant for both girls and boys. The results show a considerable delay in tooth maturation within the canine/premolar innervation field predominantly in girls. The 2nd molar is delayed in girls but not in boys.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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