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Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2010 Oct;50(5):485-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2010.01196.x.

The frequency of early, spontaneous miscarriage associated with the leu33pro polymorphism of Glycoprotein IIIa: a pilot study.

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  • 12nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, DNA analysis, Hormonal and Biochemical Laboratory, University of Athens, Aretaieio Hospital, Laiko Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inherited thrombophilia is associated with both poor obstetrical outcomes and increased cardiovascular risk later in life. In fact, a personal history of spontaneous miscarriage is reported to increase the risk of subsequent ischaemic heart disease.

AIMS:

This pilot study aims to evaluate the association between genetic polymorphism-related increased risk of arterial thrombosis and the history of spontaneous miscarriage early in pregnancy, among healthy postmenopausal women.

METHODS:

The following polymorphisms were assessed in 84 healthy post-menopausal women: Glycoprotein IIIa leu33pro, Apolipoprotein E2/E3/E4, Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, Apolipoprotein B arg3500gln, Paraoxonase 1 gln182arg, Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 4G/5G, Cholesterol-7(α) -hydroxylase and Cholesterol ester transfer protein (ΤaqIB) B1/B2. The association between the polymorphisms and history of spontaneous pregnancy loss was evaluated.

RESULTS:

The frequency of the PL(A2) allele of glycoprotein IIIa was significantly higher in women who experienced spontaneous miscarriage when compared with controls (P = 0.033). Glycoprotein IIIa leu33pro polymorphism correlated positively with the frequency of spontaneous miscarriage (P = 0.027). Among women reporting miscarriage, 55.6% were heterozygous compared with 44.4% who were wild type. We found no significant association between any of the other polymorphisms and spontaneous pregnancy loss.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings indicate that Glycoprotein IIIa leu33pro polymorphism is associated with early, spontaneous miscarriage. The causative role of this polymorphism as a risk factor of pregnancy loss needs further investigation by prospective studies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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