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Int J Dermatol. 2010 Nov;49(11):1261-5.

Pemphigus vulgaris and herpesviruses: is there any relationship?

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Skin Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



Pemphigus is an autoimmune disorder, which results from interaction of exogenous and endogenous factors. One of these environmental factors is viral infections particularly, herpesviruses. We aimed to detect the presence of HSV 1 and 2 (herpes simplex virus) and HHV8 (human herpesvirus 8) in our patients who were suffering from pemphigus vulgaris.


In this cross-sectional study, 38 patients (19 male and 19 female patients) with pemphigus vulgaris were entered, 32 skins and six peripheral blood cells samples were obtained from the study population. Thereafter, the presence of HHV8 and HSV DNA were evaluated by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).


The mean age of patients was 45.05 ± 17.24 years (range: 16-81 years). Twelve patients mentioned history of herpes labial in the past (31.57%). Results of PCR test for detection of HSV and HHV8 DNA in all 32 skin samples and five peripheral blood samples and one case with skin and blood samples were reported negative.


Inability to detect HHV8 and HSV DNA in this study suggests that herpesviruses may be only occasional factors for development or exacerbation of pemphigus vulgaris.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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