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Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2009 Nov;22(4):191-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1242458.

Colorectal cancer epidemiology: incidence, mortality, survival, and risk factors.

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Department of Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


In this article, the incidence, mortality, and survival rates for colorectal cancer are reviewed, with attention paid to regional variations and changes over time. A concise overview of known risk factors associated with colorectal cancer is provided, including familial and hereditary factors, as well as environmental lifestyle-related risk factors such as physical inactivity, obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.


Colorectal cancer; epidemiology; incidence; risk factors; survival

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