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Clin Cancer Res. 2010 Dec 15;16(24):6132-8. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-2275. Epub 2010 Oct 29.

Phase I clinical trial of the chimeric anti-mesothelin monoclonal antibody MORAb-009 in patients with mesothelin-expressing cancers.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4264, USA. hassanr@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

PURPOSE:

MORAb-009 is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets mesothelin, a tumor differentiation antigen overexpressed in pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, mesothelioma, and other malignancies. We conducted a phase I clinical trial of MORAb-009 in patients with advanced mesothelin-expressing cancers to determine its safety, dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and maximum tolerated dose (MTD).

METHODS:

Cohorts consisting of 3 to 6 subjects each received MORAb-009 intravenously on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 at progressively increasing doses ranging from 12.5 to 400 mg/m(2). Disease evaluation with computed tomography occurred on day 35. Subjects with responding or stable disease could receive additional cycles of MORAb-009.

RESULTS:

A total of 24 subjects were treated including 13 mesothelioma, 7 pancreatic cancer, and 4 ovarian cancer patients. The median number of MORAb-009 infusions was 4 (range 1-24 infusions). At the 400 mg/m(2) dose level, 2 subjects experienced DLT (grade 4 transaminitis and a grade 3 serum sickness). Thus, although there were other contributing causes of these adverse events, 200 mg/m(2) was considered the MTD. Other adverse events at least possibly related to MORAb-009 included 7 drug hypersensitivity events (all grade 1 or 2) and a thromboembolic event (grade 4). Eleven subjects had stable disease. There was a dose-dependent increase in serum MORAb-009 concentration.

CONCLUSION:

MORAb-009 is well tolerated and the MTD when administered weekly is conservatively set at 200 mg/m(2). In this group of previously treated patients, 11 subjects had stable disease. Phase II studies of MORAb-009 in different mesothelin-expressing cancers are ongoing.

PMID:
21037025
PMCID:
PMC3057907
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-2275
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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