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Biotechnol Adv. 2011 Jan-Feb;29(1):156-63. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2010.10.004. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Classifying DNA assembly protocols for devising cellular architectures.

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College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 15 Beisanhuan East Road, Beijing 100029, PR China.


DNA assembly is one of the most fundamental techniques in synthetic biology. Efficient methods can turn traditional DNA cloning into time-saving and higher efficiency practice, which is a foundation to accomplish the dreams of synthetic biologists for devising cellular architectures, reprogramming cellular behaviors, or creating synthetic cells. In this review, typical strategies of DNA assembly are discussed with special emphasis on the assembly of long and multiple DNA fragments into intact plasmids or assembled compositions. Constructively, all reported strategies were categorized into in vivo and in vitro types, and protocols are presented in a functional and practice-oriented way in order to portray the general nature of DNA assembly applications. Significantly, a five-step blueprint is proposed for devising cell architectures that produce valuable chemicals.

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