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Rev Sci Instrum. 2010 Oct;81(10):103702. doi: 10.1063/1.3492075.

Superresolution confocal technology for displacement measurements based on total internal reflection.

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State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentations, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China.


In order to achieve a higher axial resolution for displacement measurement, a novel method is proposed based on total internal reflection filter and confocal microscope principle. A theoretical analysis of the basic measurement principles is presented. The analysis reveals that the proposed confocal detection scheme is effective in enhancing the resolution of nonlinearity of the reflectance curve greatly. In addition, a simple prototype system has been developed based on the theoretical analysis and a series of experiments have been performed under laboratory conditions to verify the system feasibility, accuracy, and stability. The experimental results demonstrate that the axial resolution in displacement measurements is better than 1 nm in a range of 200 nm which is threefold better than that can be achieved using the plane reflector.

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