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Rev Sci Instrum. 2010 Oct;81(10):10E318. doi: 10.1063/1.3492407.

Development of a time-resolved soft x-ray spectrometer for laser produced plasma experiments.

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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA.


A 2400 lines/mm variable-spaced grating spectrometer has been used to measure soft x-ray emission (8-22 Å) from laser-produced plasma experiments at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Compact Multipulse Terrawatt (COMET) Laser Facility. The spectrometer was coupled to a Kentech x-ray streak camera to study the temporal evolution of soft x rays emitted from the back of the Mylar and the copper foils irradiated at 10(15) W/cm(2). The instrument demonstrated a resolving power of ∼120 at 19 Å with a time resolution of 31 ps. The time-resolved copper emission spectrum was consistent with a photodiode monitoring the laser temporal pulse shape and indicated that the soft x-ray emission follows the laser heating of the target. The time and spectral resolutions of this diagnostic make it useful for studies of high temperature plasmas.


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