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Pol J Microbiol. 2010;59(3):185-90.

Chromate reduction by cell-free extract of Bacillus firmus KUCr1.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, India.


Microbial enzymatic reduction of a toxic form of chromium [Cr(VI)] has been considered as an effective method for bioremediation of this metal. This study reports on the in vitro reduction of Cr(VI) using cell-free extracts from a Cr(VI) reducing Bacillus firmus KUCr1 strain. Chromium reductase was found to be constitutive and its activity was observed both in soluble cell fractions (S12 and S150 and membrane cell fraction (P150). The reductase activity of S12 fraction was found to be optimal at 40 microM Cr(VI) with enzyme concentration equivalent to 0.493 mg protein/ml. Enzyme activity was dependent on NADH or NADPH as electron donor; optimal temperature and pH for better enzyme activity were 70 degrees C and 5.6, respectively. The Km value of the reductase was 58.33 microM chromate having a V(max) of 11.42 microM/min/mg protein. The metabolic inhibitor like sodium azide inhibited reductase activity of membrane fraction of the cell-free extract. Metal ions like Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and As3+ stimulated the enzyme but others, such as Ag+, Hg2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+, inhibited Cr(VI) reductase activity.

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