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Liver Transpl. 2010 Nov;16(11):1249-56. doi: 10.1002/lt.22139.

Pretransplant risk factors for new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplant in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

Our objectives are to examine the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplant (NODAT) and to identify its risk factors in pediatric liver transplant recipients using the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network for Organ Sharing database. Between July 2004 and December 2008, a total of 1214 children (2-20 years old) received their first liver transplant alone, and had at least 1 follow-up report of posttransplant diabetic status. Among these, 1161 recipients were identified as not having diabetes mellitus before transplant. Risk factors for NODAT were examined using classification and regression tree and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Diabetes mellitus was newly reported in 10.1% of the 1161 recipients over the median follow-up time of 770 days. The cumulative incidences of NODAT at 1, 2, and 3 years after transplant were 5.9%, 8.3%, and 11.2%, respectively. More than 50% of recipients with cystic fibrosis developed NODAT. In recipients without cystic fibrosis, independent risk factors for NODAT included increased recipient age (compared to 2-5 years, hazard ratio = 3.09 for 5-13 years, p = 0.02; 7.14 for ≥13 years, p < 0.001), African American race (1.97, p = 0.003), and primary diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis (2.24, p = 0.02) and acute hepatic necrosis (1.89, p = 0.04). In conclusion, NODAT occurred in one-tenth of pediatric liver transplant recipients in the United States during the median follow-up of 2 years. Some of the risk factors for NODAT in pediatric liver transplant recipients are similar to those reported in other solid organ transplants. Underlying liver disease of cystic fibrosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and acute hepatic necrosis are independent risk factors for NODAT in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

PMID:
21031540
DOI:
10.1002/lt.22139
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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