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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Mar;144(1-4):344-8. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncq313. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Examples of Mesh and NURBS modelling for in vivo lung counting studies.

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French Institute of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, Internal Dose Assessment Laboratory, DRPH/SDI/LEDI, BP-17, F-92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses, France.


Realistic calibration coefficients for in vivo counting installations are assessed using voxel phantoms and Monte Carlo calculations. However, voxel phantoms construction is time consuming and their flexibility extremely limited. This paper involves Mesh and non-uniform rational B-splines graphical formats, of greater flexibility, to optimise the calibration of in vivo counting installations. Two studies validating the use of such phantoms and involving geometry deformation and modelling were carried out to study the morphologic effect on lung counting efficiency. The created 3D models fitted with the reference ones, with volumetric differences of <5 %. Moreover, it was found that counting efficiency varies with the inverse of lungs' volume and that the latter primes when compared with chest wall thickness. Finally, a series of different thoracic female phantoms of various cup sizes, chest girths and internal organs' volumes were created starting from the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) adult female reference computational phantom to give correction factors for the lung monitoring of female workers.

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