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Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Nov;85(2):140-2. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.09.018. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Self-management problem solving for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: intervention processes associated with an Internet program.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37240, USA. shelagh.mulvaney@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Describe intervention processes associated with an Internet self-management problem solving program for adolescents with type 1 diabetes, and relate participant characteristics to program use.

METHODS:

Forty-one adolescents with type 1 diabetes, aged 13-17, participated in an Internet intervention.

RESULTS:

Participants reported psychosocial self-management barriers related to social issues (45%), time pressures (22%), and emotions (25%). Most adolescents (76%) completed the two guided problem solving cycles, and most (97%) problems were appropriate and specific to diabetes. Of the 61 diabetes problems reported, 92% were mostly or completely solved. Baseline hemoglobin A1c, diabetes duration, and age were not related to online activities, however females posted more often to the forum (U=130.0, Z=2.13, p=.033). The majority of parents (87%) interacted with their child about the website.

CONCLUSION:

Adolescents experience psychosocial barriers to self-management that can be addressed by teaching problem solving via the Internet.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

An Internet self-management problem solving program with minimal external support provides a viable option for diabetes clinics to improve pediatric diabetes outcomes.

PMID:
21030194
PMCID:
PMC3046216
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2010.09.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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