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Trends Biotechnol. 2011 Jan;29(1):33-40. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2010.09.006. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

Making the most of 'omics' for crop breeding.

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Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics ACPFG, University of Adelaide, PMB1, Glen Osmond SA 5064, Australia.


Adoption of new breeding technologies is likely to underpin future gains in crop productivity. The rapid advances in 'omics' technologies provide an opportunity to generate new datasets for crop species. Integration of genome and functional omics data with genetic and phenotypic information is leading to the identification of genes and pathways responsible for important agronomic phenotypes. In addition, high-throughput genotyping technologies enable the screening of large germplasm collections to identify novel alleles from diverse sources, thus offering a major expansion in the variation available for breeding. In this review, we discuss these advances, which have opened the door to new techniques for construction and screening of breeding populations, to increase ultimately the efficiency of selection and accelerate the rates of genetic gain.

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