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Brain Res. 2011 Jan 19;1369:173-83. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.10.080. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

Decrease in dystrophin expression prior to disruption of brain-blood barrier within the rat piriform cortex following status epilepticus.

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Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chunchon 200-702, Republic of Korea.


Increased permeability of the brain-blood barrier (BBB) in the piriform cortex (PC) has been reported in various animal models of temporal lobe epilepsy. Since BBB disruption induced by epileptogenic insult has not fully clarified, we attempted to determine whether changes in BBB-related molecules are associated with vasogenic edema in the PC. One day after status epilepticus (SE), PC neurons and astrocytes showed a pyknotic nucleus and shrunken cytoplasm accompanied by vasogenic edema. At this time point, SMI-71 (an endothelial barrier antigen) immunoreactivity had decreased in the PC. Prior to vasogenic edema formation (12 h after SE), dystrophin immunoreactivity disappeared within astrocytes, while the change in glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity was negligible. However, glucose transporter-1 (an endothelial cell marker) had increased at 12 h after SE. These findings indicate that dysfunction of dystrophin induced by SE may result in endothelial and astroglial damage with BBB breakdown and increase vascular permeability, leading to vasogenic edema that is involved in pathogenesis of epileptogenesis.

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