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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Nov 26;402(4):742-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.10.098. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

IgG-mediated systemic anaphylaxis to protein antigen can be induced even under conditions of limited amounts of antibody and antigen.

Author information

1
Department of Immune Regulation, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Systemic anaphylaxis is an acute, severe, and potentially fatal allergic reaction. Two classes of antibodies, IgE and IgG, contribute to the development of anaphylaxis in mice, through different mechanisms with distinct usage of effector cells and chemical mediators. Larger quantities of antibody and antigen are reportedly required to induce IgG-mediated anaphylaxis than IgE-mediated one, suggesting that the former may not happen as frequently as the latter in real life. To readdress this issue, we established in the present study a novel mouse model of passive IgG-mediated systemic anaphylaxis to a native protein antigen, ovalbumin (OVA), rather than artificially haptenated protein antigens used in previous studies. Passive sensitization of mice with a cocktail of but not individual IgG1 mAbs specific to distinct OVA epitopes elicited systemic anaphylaxis in response to OVA challenge. Importantly, much smaller doses of antibody and antigen than previously reported were sufficient for the induction of IgG-mediated systemic anaphylaxis. Moreover, a relatively small dose of antigen could induce severe anaphylaxis through both IgE- and IgG-mediated mechanisms when mice had been passively sensitized with antigen-specific IgE and IgG. These results strongly suggest that IgG-mediated systemic anaphylaxis is not rare among antibody-mediated systemic anaphylaxis, in contrast to previous thought, and significantly contributes to active systemic anaphylaxis in real life, at least in mice.

PMID:
21029722
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.10.098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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