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Semin Cell Biol. 1990 Apr;1(2):125-34.

Chemoattractant stimulation of polymorphonuclear leucocyte locomotion.

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Biology Department, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104.


Chemoattractants stimulate both cell locomotion and the orientation of this locomotion (chemotaxis) in polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Cell locomotion is a complex process which includes the coordinated protrusion of cell processes, formation of attachments to the substrate and contraction of the rear of the cell. To understand how chemoattractants regulate this process, it is helpful to dissect the process into components that can be examined separately. Comparison of these components in cells before and after stimulation with chemoattractant provides information about their regulation. In this review we focus on three components: how chemoattractants induce the development of cell polarity; how chemoattractants modulate cytoskeletal components (especially actin) to cause pseudopod protrusion; and how chemoattractant modulation of cell adhesions might contribute to cell locomotion. Spatial and temporal coordination of these and other components of locomotion result in efficient and directed cell movement. Our treatment of these questions is speculative and not comprehensive. We propose simple hypothetical models which can provide the reader with a conceptual framework that integrates the information available.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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