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Res Microbiol. 1990 Sep-Oct;141(7-8):757-64.

Immunity induced by live attenuated Salmonella vaccines.

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Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, UK.


Studies on the degree and specificity of protection conferred by immunization with aroA salmonella live vaccines in BALB/c mice are described. Animals were immunized i.v. and challenged orally 3 months later to ensure that the vaccine had been cleared from the tissues. Vaccination with Salmonella typhimurium aroA SL3261 conferred very good protection against virulent S. typhimurium C5 (over 10,000 x LD50). The specificity of cross protection was studied using S. typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella dublin for vaccination and challenge, including challenge with variants of S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis of similar virulence which differed in the main LPS (lipopolysaccharide) antigen (0-4 or 0-9). S. typhimurium SL3261 gave very good protection against S. typhimurium C5 (0-4), but no protection against S. enteritidis Se795 (0-9). However, challenge with strains differing in the main 0 antigens showed that, although protection was generally better to strains expressing the same LPS type as the vaccine, specificity of protection was determined more by the background (S. typhimurium or S. enteritidis) of the parent strain used for the challenge than by 0 factors 4 or 9, suggesting that other factors could be involved. The nature of the antigen(s) responsible for protection in this model is unclear, but it would not appear to be the main 0-specific antigen. An S. enteritidis Se795 aroA vaccine was far less effective than S. typhimurium SL3261; it conferred good protection against the homologous wild type at 2 weeks post-vaccination, but far less at three months (approx 10-200 x LD50). This was unexpected, as the persistence of the S. enteritidis vaccine in the liver and spleen was similar to that of S. typhimurium SL3261, and the S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium challenge strains were of similar virulence. An S. dublin aroA vaccine conferred similar protection against wild type S. dublin (approx 300 x LD50).

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