Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Development. 1990 Dec;110(4):1021-30.

Gradients of homeoproteins in developing feather buds.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Southern California, School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033.


Homeoproteins are functionally involved in pattern formation. Recently, homeoproteins have been shown to be distributed in a graded fashion in developing limb buds. Here we examine the expression of homeoproteins in chicken feather development by immunocytochemical localization. We find that XlHbox 1 antigen is present in cell nuclei and is distributed in a gradient in the mesoderm of developing feather buds, with strongest expression in the anterior-proximal region. The gradient is most obvious in feather buds from the mid-trunk level. Feather buds from the scapular level express very high levels of XlHbox 1 and feather buds from the caudal region express no XlHbox 1, suggesting that a broad gradient along the body axis is superimposed on a smaller gradient within each individual feather bud. Feather ectoderm also expresses XlHbox 1 antigen but without an obvious graded pattern. Another homeoprotein, Hox 5.2, is also expressed in developing feather buds in a graded way, and its distribution pattern is partially complementary to that of XlHbox 1. These observations suggest that homeoproteins may be involved in setting up the anteroposterior polarity of cell fields at different levels, first for the body axis, then for the limb axis and finally for the feather axis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center