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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1990 Oct;5(5):263-8.

Effect of iron limitation on Bacteroides gingivalis.

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Department of Stomatology, State University of New York, Buffalo.


This study was undertaken to describe the effects of iron limitation on Bacteroides gingivalis. Four strains of B. gingivalis were grown in brain heart infusion broth, substituting protoporphyrin IX for hemin. Culture with protoporphyrin IX resulted in a loss of a 28 kDa membrane protein, but no decrease in growth. Iron-restricted cultural conditions for the growth of B. gingivalis were achieved using alpha/alpha'-dipyridyl, a ferrous iron chelator, at concentrations from 12.5 microM to 300 microM. Total suppression of bacterial growth for strain A7A1-28 and strain 381 was achieved at 200 microM alpha/alpha'-dipyridyl. At 300 microM alpha/alpha'-dipyridyl, strain W50 and Bowden 18/10 showed 100% and 80% suppression of growth, respectively. The ferric iron chelator Desferal did not show suppression of growth in concentrations up to 500 microM. The dipyridyl inhibition of cell growth for strain A7A1-28 could be reversed by adding excess ferrous ammonium sulphate but not by ferric nitrate. Iron regulation of proteolytic enzymes could not be demonstrated. Two new membrane proteins 42 kDa and 24 kDa are expressed with iron limitation, and the 45 kDa membrane protein was decreased with iron limitation.

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