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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2011 May;18(4):610-9. doi: 10.1007/s11356-010-0403-2. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Incorporation of in silico biodegradability screening in early drug development--a feasible approach?

Author information

1
Toxicology, Bayer Schering Pharma, 13353, Berlin, Germany. thomas.steger-hartmann@bayer.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The concentration of a pharmaceutical found in the environment is determined by the amount used by the patient, the excretion and metabolism pattern, and eventually by its persistence. Biological degradation or persistence of a pharmaceutical is experimentally tested rather late in the development of a pharmaceutical, often shortly before submission of the dossier to regulatory authorities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

To investigate whether the aspect of persistence of a compound could be assessed early during drug development, we investigated whether biodegradation of pharmaceuticals could be predicted with the help of in silico tools. To assess the value of in silico prediction, we collected results for the OECD 301 degradation test ("ready biodegradability") of 42 drugs or drug synthesis intermediates and compared them to the prediction of the in silico tool BIOWIN.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

Of these compounds, 38 were predictable with BIOWIN, which is a module of the Estimation Programs Interface (EPI) Suite™ provided by the US EPA. The program failed to predict the two drugs which proved to be readily biodegradable in the degradation tests. On the other hand, BIOWIN predicted two compounds to be readily biodegradable which, however, proved to be persistent in the test setting.

CONCLUSION:

The comparison of experimental data with the predicted one resulted in a specificity of 94% and a sensitivity of 0%. The results of this study do not indicate that application of the biodegradation prediction tool BIOWIN is a feasible approach to assess the ready biodegradability during early drug development.

PMID:
20981576
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-010-0403-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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