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J Parasitol Res. 2010;2010:823892. doi: 10.1155/2010/823892. Epub 2010 Aug 12.

Porcine cysticercosis and risk factors in the gambia and senegal.

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1
International Trypanotolerance Centre, PMB. 14, Banjul, Gambia.

Abstract

During a stratified cross-sectional survey, 1705 pigs were sampled from 279 randomly selected households, 63 randomly selected communities and villages, from four study areas in The Gambia and Senegal during the period October 2007 to January 2008. Porcine cysticercosis prevalence detected by tongue inspection at animal level per study area ranged from 0.1% to 1.0%. Using an antigen-detection ELISA the seroprevalence of cysticercosis at both community/village and animal levels for the four selected study areas is: Western region 80.0% (95%CI: 52.4%-93.6%) and 4.8% (95%CI: 3.4%-6.5%), Bignona 86.7% (95%CI: 59.8%-96.6%) and 8.9% (95%CI: 5.0%-15.5%), Kolda 82.4% (95%CI: 46.8%-96.1%) and 13.2% (95%CI: 10.8%-16.0%), and Ziguinchor 81.3% (95%CI: 43.5%-96.1%) and 6.4% (95%CI: 4.0%-10.1%), respectively. No risk factors for cysticercosis were found significant in this study. This study proved that porcine cysticercosis is endemic and distributed widely in the study areas though its incidence might be suppressed by the generalised use of toilets and latrines in the study areas.

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