Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Dec 15;55(5):620-4. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181fc6429.

HIV-related stigma, social norms, and HIV testing in Soweto and Vulindlela, South Africa: National Institutes of Mental Health Project Accept (HPTN 043).

Author information

1
UCLA Program in Global Health, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sdyoung@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

HIV testing is necessary to curb the increasing epidemic. However, HIV-related stigma and perceptions of low likelihood of societal HIV testing may reduce testing rates. This study aimed to explore this association in South Africa, where HIV rates are extraordinarily high.

METHODS:

Data were taken from the Soweto and Vulindlela, South African sites of Project Accept, a multinational HIV prevention trial. Self-reported HIV testing, stigma, and social norms items were used to study the relationship between HIV testing, stigma, and perceptions about societal testing rates. The stigma items were broken into 3 factors: negative attitudes, negative perceptions about people living with HIV, and perceptions of fair treatment for people living with HIV (equity).

RESULTS:

Results from a univariate logistic regression suggest that history of HIV testing was associated with decreased negative attitudes about people living with HIV/AIDS, increased perceptions that people living with HIV/AIDS experience discrimination, and increased perceptions that people with HIV should be treated equitably. Results from a multivariate logistic regression confirm these effects and suggest that these differences vary according to sex and age. Compared with people who had never tested for HIV, those who had previously tested were more likely to believe that the majority of people have tested for HIV.

CONCLUSIONS:

Data suggest that interventions designed to increase HIV testing in South Africa should address stigma and perceptions of societal testing.

PMID:
20980913
PMCID:
PMC3136617
DOI:
10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181fc6429
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication type, MeSH terms, Grant support

Publication type

MeSH terms

Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center