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Respir Care. 2010 Nov;55(11):1495-8.

Intercostal artery laceration following thoracentesis.

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Department of Health Professions, The Bitonte College of Health and Human Services, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH 44515, USA.


Intercostal artery laceration is an unusual complication following thoracentesis, and has been reported only in elderly patients. We report a case of a 78-year-old man who developed a massive hemothorax following thoracentesis. Post-thoracentesis radiograph revealed a substantial increase in pleural fluid, and emergency chest tube insertion identified the hemothorax. He underwent right thoracotomy for repair of the intercostal artery laceration.

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