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Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2010 Sep;5(5):377-85. doi: 10.1097/COH.0b013e32833d2e19.

Role of nonhuman primates in the evaluation of candidate AIDS vaccines: an industry perspective.

Author information

1
Merck Vaccines, West Point, Pennsylvania, USA. silvija_staprans@merck.com

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To consider how nonhuman primate (NHP) model systems can best contribute to HIV vaccine development.

RECENT FINDINGS:

We review the traditional roles of NHP model systems in vaccine development and compare this with how NHP models have been used in HIV vaccine research and development. Comparisons of the immune responses elicited by cellular immune response-inducing vaccines in macaques and humans illustrate the value of primate studies for the relative ranking of HIV vaccine concepts for their likely immunogenicity in humans. The unusual structures (e.g. long complementarity-determining regions) of known broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies (bNAbs) suggest that it is critical to test candidate env immunogens in NHPs, whose germline antibody repertoires resemble those of humans. Recent clinical efficacy trial results question the utility of existing NHP challenge models in predicting HIV vaccine efficacy in humans, and highlight the need to further develop models in which acquisition of infection can be reliably evaluated. When evaluated in models using low virus dose challenges that better approximate human sexual exposure to HIV - some vaccine and passive NAb interventions appear to protect against acquisition of infection.

SUMMARY:

NHP models have important roles in the preclinical evaluation, optimization, and ranking of novel HIV immunogens. The apparent vaccine efficacy observed using low virus dose challenge models provides an opportunity to investigate the correlates of protection.

PMID:
20978377
DOI:
10.1097/COH.0b013e32833d2e19
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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