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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010 Nov;21(4):711-24. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2010.07.003.

Myofascial low back pain: a review.

Author information

1
Overlook Pain Center Summit, NJ 07901, USA. gmalangamd@hotmail.com

Abstract

Myofascial pain syndrome is a common nonarticular local musculoskeletal pain syndrome caused by myofascial trigger points located at muscle, fascia, or tendinous insertions, affecting up to 95% of people with chronic pain disorders. Clinically, myofascial pain syndrome can present as painful restricted range of motion, stiffness, referred pain patterns, and autonomic dysfunction. The underlying cause is often related to muscular imbalances, and following a thorough physical examination the condition should be treated with a comprehensive rehabilitation program. Additional treatment options include pharmacologic, needling with or without anesthetic agents or nerve stimulation, and alternative medicine treatments such as massage or herbal medicines. Repeated trigger point injections should be avoided, and corticosteroids should not be injected into trigger points.

PMID:
20977957
DOI:
10.1016/j.pmr.2010.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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