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Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2010 Nov;21(7):1059-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2010.01051.x.

Neonatal BCG vaccination induces IL-10 production by CD4+ CD25+ T cells.

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Pediatric Allergy & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.


To determine the optimal time of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination for induction of Th1 immunity, we measured the interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-10 secretion in purified protein derivative (PPD)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cultures in newborns vaccinated at birth or 2nd month of life. Moreover, role of CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells was studied by depletion assay at 8th month. Nineteen term and healthy newborns were randomized into two groups: Group I composed of 10 newborns vaccinated with BCG at birth and the remaining 9 (group II) at 2nd month of life. PBMCs were isolated at birth, 2nd and 8th months of age, and PPD-stimulated IL-10, 5 and IFN-γ secretion were assessed. The same measurements were repeated for IL-10 and IFN-γ after the depletion of CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells at the 8th month. Children vaccinated at birth demonstrated higher PPD-stimulated IFN-γ and IL-10 levels at 2 months of age when compared to non-vaccinated ones (p = 0.038 and p = 0.022, respectively), whereas at 8 months, no significant differences were detected between the two groups. Moreover, CD4(+) CD25(+)-depleted T-cell cultures resulted in lower PPD-stimulated IL-10 levels in those vaccinated at birth when compared to non-depleted condition at the 8th month (p < 0.001). BCG at birth upregulated PPD-stimulated IFN-γ secretion at the 2nd month and remained still detectable at 8 month after the vaccination, whereas those vaccinated at the 2nd month of life lacked that increase in IFN-γ response at the same time-point. Furthermore, depletion assays suggest that CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells are involved in PPD-stimulated IL-10 secretion in response to BCG vaccination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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