Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Feline Med Surg. 2010 Nov;12(11):861-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2010.09.005.

Food allergy in the cat: a diagnosis by elimination.

Author information

1
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Drive, C247 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Knoxville, TN 37996-4544, USA. jbryan37@mail.tennessee.edu

Abstract

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE:

Food allergy is recognized as a cause of non-seasonal dermatologic disease and pruritus in cats, though its exact prevalence remains unknown. Feline food allergy can also be associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, respiratory and behavioral components.

PATIENT GROUP:

There are no breed, sex or age predispositions for developing food allergy, though there is some evidence that the Siamese and its crosses may be at increased risk.

CLINICAL CHALLENGES:

Food allergy cannot be diagnosed simply on the basis of the distribution of pruritus, and many of the dermatologic reaction patterns observed in affected cats, such as miliary dermatitis, eosinophilic granuloma complex and alopecia, may be seen in cats with flea allergy and atopy; in some cases, cats may have concurrent allergic conditions. The only way to definitively diagnose food allergy is to identify a causative food component through a food elimination trial. However, palatability and client compliance can each be a problem; specifically, many owners are unwilling to perform a provocation challenge, which is required to confirm a suspected food allergy. For cats in which the existence of a food allergy is confirmed, a suitable maintenance diet then needs to be fed for the remainder of the patient's life.

EVIDENCE BASE:

Recent literature has revealed that there is marked variability in the clinical picture, response to treatment and outcome in food-allergic cats. This article reviews published literature and highlights clinically relevant observations pertinent to feline food allergy.

PMID:
20974403
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfms.2010.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center