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Pflugers Arch. 2011 Jan;461(1):1-21. doi: 10.1007/s00424-010-0893-2. Epub 2010 Oct 23.

Role of the ubiquitin system in regulating ion transport.

Author information

1
Program in Cell Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children and Biochemistry Department, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. drotin@sickkids.ca

Abstract

Ion channels and transporters play a critical role in ion and fluid homeostasis and thus in normal animal physiology and pathology. Tight regulation of these transmembrane proteins is therefore essential. In recent years, many studies have focused their attention on the role of the ubiquitin system in regulating ion channels and transporters, initialed by the discoveries of the role of this system in processing of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator (CFTR), and in regulating endocytosis of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) by the Nedd4 family of ubiquitin ligases (mainly Nedd4-2). In this review, we discuss the role of the ubiquitin system in ER Associated Degradation (ERAD) of ion channels, and in the regulation of endocytosis and lysosomal sorting of ion channels and transporters, focusing primarily in mammalian cells. We also briefly discuss the role of ubiquitin like molecules (such as SUMO) in such regulation, for which much less is known so far.

PMID:
20972579
DOI:
10.1007/s00424-010-0893-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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