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J Oral Pathol Med. 2011 Feb;40(2):121-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0714.2010.00954.x. Epub 2010 Oct 24.

Human papillomavirus in the oral cavity of children.

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Orthodontic and Pediatric Dentistry, Fedral University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.



The aim of this literature review was to identify studies conducted on the oral Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in children.


An electronic database search was performed using the terms 'oral HPV' and 'children'. The studies on the prevalence of oral HPV in children worldwide, descriptive studies, case reports, studies on the association of oral HPV and risk factors and transmission of HPV were included.


The presence of HPV in oral mucosa of children should be investigated in virtue of the various forms of transmission, and the possibility of sexual abuse eliminated, and also of its possible relation with oral carcinoma pathogenesis in children.

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