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Biomed Environ Sci. 1990 Dec;3(4):458-65.

Evaluation of prenatal nutrition counseling: maternal nutrition status and infant birthweight.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Shanghai Medical University, China.


A prospective study on the effect of prenatal nutrition counseling on maternal nutrition status and infant birthweight was conducted at an antenatal care clinic by comparing a group of 80 women who attended nutrition counseling sessions with another group of 63 women who did not participate in nutrition counseling (controls). The daily intake of protein, calcium, iron, retinol, and riboflavin in the counseled group was higher than that in the control group. Moreover, the daily intake of nutrients of the counseled women met the recommended dietary allowance. Blood constituent determinations revealed that the levels of serum total protein, albumin, vitamin A, vitamin E, zinc, copper, magnesium, and hemoglobin in the blood of mothers and in umbilical blood at delivery were higher in the counseled group than in the control group (P less than 0.01). The women receiving counseling had fewer low-birthweight infants (1.52% vs 2.70%) and the incidence of maternal anemia was 39.1% against 55.6%, a significant difference (P less than 0.01).

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