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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1977 Oct 13;484(2):443-52.

Proton magnetic resonance studies of histidines in human, rhesus monkey, and bovine carbonic anhydrases.


Histidine C-2 proton resonances in rhesus monkey carbonic anhydrase B (carbonate hydro-lyase, EC and bovine carbonic anhydrase were investigated using 270-MHz proton magnetic resonance. The results suggest that there are extensive three-dimensional homologies between the human B and rhesus B enzymes and between the human C and bovine enzymes. Resonances from solvent exchangeable protons have been observed in the 11-16 ppm range in the NMR spectra of human carbonic anhydrases B and C and bovine carbonic anhydrase. Up to five of these are sensitive to changes of pH and the presence of inhibitors. Three of these resonances are assigned to NH protons of the metal coordinated imidazole groups. These results are discussed in relation to various models for the catalytic mechanism of carbonic anhydrase.

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