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Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Nov 15;18(22):7855-67. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.09.047. Epub 2010 Sep 25.

Synthesis and SAR studies of chiral non-racemic dexoxadrol analogues as uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists.

Author information

1
Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Hittorfstraße 58-62, D-48149 Münster, Germany.

Abstract

A series of chiral non-racemic dexoxadrol analogues with various substituents in position 4 of the piperidine ring was synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. Only the enantiomers having (S)-configuration at the 2-position of the piperidine ring and 4-position of the dioxolane ring were considered. Key steps in the synthesis were an imino-Diels-Alder reaction of enantiomerically pure imine (S)-13, which had been obtained from d-mannitol, with Danishefsky's Diene 14 and the replacement of the p-methoxybenzyl protective group with a Cbz-group. It was shown that (S,S)-configuration of the ring junction (position 2 of the piperidine ring and position 4 of the dioxolane ring) and axial orientation of the C-4-substituent ((4S)-configuration) are crucial for high NMDA receptor affinity. 2-(2,2-Diphenyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)piperidines with a hydroxy moiety ((S,S,S)-5, K(i)=28nM), a fluorine atom ((S,S,S)-6, WMS-2539, K(i)=7nM) and two fluorine atoms ((S,S)-7, K(i)=48nM) in position 4 represent the most potent NMDA antagonists with high selectivity against σ(1) and σ(2) receptors and the polyamine binding site of the NMDA receptor. The NMDA receptor affinities of the new ligands were correlated with their electrostatic potentials, calculated gas phase proton affinities (negative enthalpies of deprotonation) and dipole moments. According to these calculations decreasing proton affinity and increasing dipole moment are correlated with decreasing NMDA receptor affinity.

PMID:
20965735
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2010.09.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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