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Surgery. 2011 Feb;149(2):276-83. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2010.08.003. Epub 2010 Oct 20.

Mice overexpressing the gene for heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) have increased resistance to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation.

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1
Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the current study was to determine whether overexpression of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) could protect the intestines from injury after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in mice.

METHODS:

Hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation was induced in HB-EGF transgenic and wild type mice. Cross-reacting material 197 (5 mg/kg) was administered to a subset of HB-EGF transgenic mice to block the overexpressed HB-EGF. Intestinal histologic injury scores, intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis indices, and gut barrier function were determined. The Student t test and 1-way analysis of variance were employed to compare the differences between groups.

RESULTS:

All mice subjected to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation had significantly increased intestinal histologic injury scores, apoptosis indices, and intestinal permeability compared with sham-operated mice. Compared with wild type mice, HB-EGF transgenic mice had significantly decreased histologic injury (mean injury grade 2.79 ± 0.84 vs 3.88 ± 1.43, P = .02), apoptosis indices (mean apoptosis index 8.77 ± 5.23 vs 17.91 ± 13.23, P = .03), and mucosal permeability (FITC-dextran 4 clearance 13.06 ± 5.67 vs 20.03 ± 7.81 nL/min/ m(2), P = .02) at 3 hours of reperfusion. HB-EGF transgenic mice subjected to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation and treated with cross-reacting material 197 had a significantly increased histologic injury (mean injury grade 3.63 ± 1.00 vs 2.79 ± 0.84, P = .04) and mucosal permeability (FITC-dextran 4 clearance 22.87 ± 9.69 vs 13.06 ± 5.67 nL/min/cm2, P = .01) at 3 hours of reperfusion compared with non-cross-reacting material 197 treated transgenic mice, with no significant changes in apoptosis indices. Cross-reacting material 197 did not reverse the decreased apoptosis observed in HB-EGF transgenic mice subjected to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation, which suggests that mechanisms in addition to decreased apoptosis may be responsible for the intestinal cytoprotective effects of endogenous HB-EGF overexpression.

CONCLUSION:

Overexpression of HB-EGF increases resistance to hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in mice.

PMID:
20965535
PMCID:
PMC3022082
DOI:
10.1016/j.surg.2010.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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