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Hautarzt. 2010 Nov;61(11):961-6. doi: 10.1007/s00105-010-1969-9.

[Inappropriate test methods in allergy].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Allergie- u. Asthma-Zentrum Westend, Praxis Hanf, Herold & Kleine-Tebbe, Spandauer Damm 130, Haus 9, 14050, Berlin. kleine-tebbe@allergie-experten.de

Abstract

Inappropriate test methods are increasingly utilized to diagnose allergy. They fall into two categories: I. Tests with obscure theoretical basis, missing validity and lacking reproducibility, such as bioresonance, electroacupuncture, applied kinesiology and the ALCAT-test. These methods lack both the technical and clinical validation needed to justify their use. II. Tests with real data, but misleading interpretation: Detection of IgG or IgG4-antibodies or lymphocyte proliferation tests to foods do not allow to separate healthy from diseased subjects, neither in case of food intolerance, allergy or other diagnoses. The absence of diagnostic specificity induces many false positive findings in healthy subjects. As a result unjustified diets might limit quality of life and lead to malnutrition. Proliferation of lymphocytes in response to foods can show elevated rates in patients with allergies. These values do not allow individual diagnosis of hypersensitivity due to their broad variation. Successful internet marketing, infiltration of academic programs and superficial reporting by the media promote the popularity of unqualified diagnostic tests; also in allergy. Therefore, critical observation and quick analysis of and clear comments to unqualified methods by the scientific medical societies are more important than ever.

PMID:
20963379
DOI:
10.1007/s00105-010-1969-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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