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Can J Microbiol. 2010 Oct;56(10):874-84. doi: 10.1139/w10-073.

Influence of carbon source on growth and mycotoxin production by isolates of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis from wheat.

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Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.


The fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis can infect wheat kernels, causing red smudge, and has been shown to produce the anthraquinone mycotoxins emodin, catenarin, and islandicin. The growth of 8 fungal isolates from diverse regions was evaluated on various culture media and was found to be generally slowest on the semisynthetic Fries medium. The choice of carbon source had a significant effect on mycotoxin production, as assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The highest emodin concentration (194.18 ± 16.26 µg/g medium) was observed for isolate Alg 3-24 on Fries medium supplemented with fructose, while the highest catenarin concentration (302.54 ±13.92 µg/g medium) was observed for TS93-71B on Fries medium supplemented with starch. Islandicin was not produced by any isolate under the conditions tested. Evaluation of the dynamics of mycotoxin production by isolate 331-2 on V8-potato dextrose agar medium revealed a rapid accumulation of emodin and catenarin during the first week of incubation, followed by a large decline by 14 days. Differences in the growth of and mycotoxin production by isolates of P. tritici-repentis likely resulted from the differential composition of the media and (or) intraspecies variability. Accordingly, the optimization of growth medium should be considered when evaluating the potential of specific isolates for mycotoxin production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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