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J Nutr Biochem. 2011 Jul;22(7):634-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2010.04.015. Epub 2010 Oct 18.

Up-regulation of the novel proinflammatory adipokines lipocalin-2, chitinase-3 like-1 and osteopontin as well as angiogenic-related factors in visceral adipose tissue of patients with colon cancer.

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1
Metabolic Research Laboratory, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is widely recognised as an important risk factor for colorectal cancer (CC).

AIM:

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of CC on circulating concentrations and gene expression levels of inflammatory and angiogenesis-related factors in human visceral adipose tissue (VAT).

METHODS:

VAT biopsies were obtained from 18 healthy individuals and 11 patients with CC. Real-time polymerase chain reactions were performed to quantify gene expression levels and zymographic analyses were used to determine the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).

RESULTS:

Patients with CC exhibited increased mRNA expression levels of lipocalin-2 (P=.014), osteopontin (P=.027), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (P=.016) and chitinase-3 like-1 (P=.006) compared to control subjects in VAT. Gene expression levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α, vascular endothelial growth factor and MMP-2 were significantly higher (P<.05) in VAT of patients with CC. The expression of insulin-like growth factor I, insulin growth factor binding protein 3 and MMP-9 followed the same trend, although no significant differences were reached. The enzymatic activity of MMP-9 was increased (P<.001) in patients with CC. Furthermore, individuals with CC showed increased (P<.05) circulating concentrations of the inflammatory markers interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor α and hepatocyte growth factor, whereas levels of the anti-inflammatory adipokine adiponectin were decreased (P<.01).

CONCLUSION:

These findings represent the first observation that mRNA levels of the novel inflammatory factors lipocalin-2, chitinase-3 like-1 and osteopontin are increased in human VAT of subjects with CC. This observation together with the up-regulation of angiogenic factors suggests that adipokines secreted by VAT may be involved in the development of colon cancer.

PMID:
20961744
DOI:
10.1016/j.jnutbio.2010.04.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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