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Lab Chip. 2010 Dec 21;10(24):3335-40. doi: 10.1039/c0lc00241k. Epub 2010 Oct 19.

Immuno-pillar chip: a new platform for rapid and easy-to-use immunoassay.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan.

Abstract

We present a new rapid and easy-to-use immunoassay chip which we have named the immuno-pillar chip. It has hydrogel pillars, fabricated inside a microchannel, with many antibody molecules immobilized onto 1 µm diameter polystyrene beads. To evaluate the chip performance, we applied it to the sandwich assay of C-reactive protein (CRP), α-fetoprotein (AFP) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a cardiac and inflammation marker, tumors and prostate cancer markers, respectively. For detection of disease markers, we confirmed the chip provides rapid analysis (total assay time of about 4 min) with high sensitivity, it is easy-to-use (no special skills are needed), and it uses small volumes of the sample and reagent (0.25 µL each). Moreover, multiplex assay for three biomarkers was also possible. Additionally, the immuno-pillar chip has a big advantage of having hardly any influence on the assay results even if the introduction quantities of the sample or reagents are different.

PMID:
20959907
DOI:
10.1039/c0lc00241k
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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